Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Essay on Compare The Homecoming and The Workbox by Thomas...

Compare The Homecoming and The Workbox by Thomas Hardy. The two poems I have chosen to compare are, The Homecoming and The Workbox by Thomas Hardy. In the poem The Homecoming, a newly married couple arrive home for the first time. The young bride is unhappy already in the marriage though the husband seems quite happy. In The Workbox, however, it is not a new marriage and we see the husband giving a workbox he has made to his wife and the story behind it. There are many different themes and attitudes in the two poems and they are very closely linked, sharing some of the same ideas. Thomas Hardy uses different poetic techniques in both to express his ideas and the attitudes towards women in the early 20th century.†¦show more content†¦Here it shows she is angry with her husband as dear is usually an affectionate term but being placed second in the sentence it gives a bitter feel. The idea that the husbands protected the women shows also how men thought women to be the weaker sex. In The Workbox, we see this as the husband keeps looking down to her such as when he says, little wife. The way the word wife rhymes with life emphasizes it and make it seem even more like he is the wiser partner who can protect and look out for her. In the poem, The Homecoming the new wife describes to her husband all the things she doesnt like about his house when she says, a floor o wretched stone, and nasty pewter platters, horrid forks of steel and bone, and a monstrous crock in chimney. This shows childishness on the girls behalf, possibly showing that all her life she has been treated like a lesser member of society, which is shown as an attitude towards women in the early 20th century. An attitude to marriage was that a girls father looks after her until she is married, then her husband takes up that job, which is shown in The Homecoming when her husband says to his wife, Ill sing to ee a pretty song, which is extremely

Monday, December 16, 2019

Internet Impact on TV Synergy - 767 Words

Monroe Community College Internet Impact on TV Synergy: The Television That Goes Above and Beyond Brian Holcomb Mark Ricci Intro to Mass Media March 27th, 2014 Brian Holcomb Mark Ricci Intro to Mass Media March 27th, 2014 Several years ago, the introduction of social media, like Twitter and Facebook, ultimately took society by its horns, creating the initial interaction between the ever growing internet phase, and the everlasting television access networks. These social networking sites are referenced all over television shows, from the usage of entertainment and informing purposes, to fully getting the audience involved in the show itself. Some of these shows include Survivor, The Voice, The Bachelor, as†¦show more content†¦From a viewer perspective, having the accessibility of both medias at your fingertips, in an almost â€Å"all-in-one† type of package, makes the process easier and more efficient. Changing channels, recording shows, but also using networking sites, email, and even managing your own website can all be at the click of a button. In entertainment and other news, the usage of social networking sites, blogs, and personal media websites are highly incorp orated within most television shows and broadcasts now a days. The issue is there are cable networks and dish setups that are just now learning about the internet connection, and whereas engines such as Google, Yahoo, and Boxee have been involved in this emergence of the media (Slocum). Very similar, the internet and television still have many differences. Entertainment and information is passed along to say the least, but the web possess many more endless possibilities at your fingertip to find. On the other hand, television engages but only for so long because the viewer is restricted to time schedules, commercial advertisements, and slotted times. The other issue with combining the two, is that research shows that much of the videos watched online are shows that someone has missed on television and watch online. This relates to the record option that most cable offers (Slocum). More recently though, sites like YouTube andShow MoreRelatedIntegrated Marketing Communication ( Imc )1 658 Words   |  7 Pagesof a comprehensive plan that evaluates the strategic roles of a variety of communication disciplines advertising, public relations, personal selling, and sales promotion and combines them to provide clarity, consistency, and maximum communication impact. 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These days, thanks to Hollywood, it is instrumental in shaping the social culture by transforming the viewers’ opinions or swaying them one way or another. The idea that a film can have such an enormous impact on people can be difficult for some, however, this same impact can also be a great tool when used properly and for the right reasons (Influence of Film on Modern Society, n.d.). Radio became a new form of communication and entertainment. Between the 1920’s and 1950’s many radioRead MoreMedia And Communication1595 Words   |  7 Pagesmuch of our identity now. A major big topic in general that has to deal with how the media is a primary form of human communication is technology. Synergy is the promotion and sale of different versions of a media product across various parts of a media conglomerate. This relates and connects to human’s primary source of communication because synergy can help humans connect to media together by teaming up with each other and get work done. Another key term that relates to the statement above is DigitalRead MoreInformation System998 Words   |  4 Pagesbenefits of analyzing customer purchase data and constructing behavioral profiles? 3. Are these practices by credit card companies ethical? Are they an invasion of privacy? Why or why not? IS THE IPAD A DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY? 1. Evaluate the impact of the iPad using Porter’s competitive forces model. 2. What makes the iPad a disruptive technology? Who are likely to be the winners and losers if the iPad becomes a hit? Why? 3. Describe the effects that the iPad is likely to have on the businessRead MoreUse of Integrated Marketing Communications in the Fast Food Industry1691 Words   |  7 Pagesdirect marketing and public relations) rather than separate practices to create values and avoid potential conflicts (Duncan Everett, 1993). In fast food industry, fast food chains integrate advertising, sale promotion, sponsorship, packaging and Internet to promote their products as well as build brand image (Sperber, 2003; Story French, 2004; Morrison, 2010). Advertising is most used form of communication and the most frequently utilized medium due to it easily contact the target market, especiallyRead MoreMazda: Positioning a Product Line1128 Words   |  5 Pagescommunication impact†. The American Association of Advertising Agencies (the 4AS) I TEGRATED MARKETI G COMMU ICATIO (MKTG 6140) Roles of IMC †¢ To inform, to remind and persuade. †¢ Provide direction for Mazda to come up with a decision on which promotional mix to be used effectively for the different targeted customer. †¢ To use all possible mediums that could reach the target. †¢ To achieve synergy. I TEGRATED MARKETI G COMMU ICATIO (MKTG 6140) IMC Elements Advertising †¢ TV ads, printRead MoreQuestions1478 Words   |  6 Pagesanalysis. 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The technology boom has eased and accelerated the interaction between consumers and firms (Yadav Pavlou, 2014, p2). DigitalRead MoreCase Study: Marketing the ‘Lost’ Tv Drama Abc’s Integrated Marketing Strategy2184 Words   |  9 PagesCASE STUDY: MARKETING THE ‘LOST’ TV DRAMA ABC’S Integrated Marketing Strategy MODULE TITLE: MARKETING MANAGEMENT AND STRATEGY WORD COUNT: 1999 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The objective of this report is to critically analyse the case â€Å"Marketing the ‘Lost’ TV Drama Series† applying the relevant concepts of Marketing Management and Strategy. ABC has introduced the show in 2004 and since then legions of fans follow the adventures of the survivors of a plane crash in a deserted island. The

Sunday, December 8, 2019

Osmosis Beetroot Experiment free essay sample

From the results obtained and the bar graph plotted, it could be seen that when there was a  high concentration of sugar  the mass of beetroot  decreased. This happened because water moved from the inside of the beetroot, where there was a high water potential into the sugar solution, which had a lower water potential. In the other four beakers where the  concentration of sugar solution was less, the mass of the beetroot  increased. This happened because water moved from the dilute sugar solution where there was a high water potential, into the beetroot. The percentage increase in the mass of beetroot increased as the concentration of sugar decreased from B to D. This happened because  the lower the concentration of sugar the greater its water potential and consequently the faster the rate of osmosis. The results show that in each of the five sugar solutions,  the rate of osmosis decreased with time. We will write a custom essay sample on Osmosis Beetroot Experiment or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This happened because  the difference in water potential between the inside and the outside of the beetroot time decreased as the experiment proceeded. Osmosis occurred most in distilled water because this contained the highest water potential when compared with the other beakers. Five concentration were used in this experiment in an attempt to try to find the concentration of sugar inside the beetroot. If such concentration was used there would have been neither a decrease an increase in mass of beetroot slice. Such a concentration was however not found in this investigation. It must have been somewhere between the concentrations of A and B as while in the former a decrease in mass was recorded, an increase in mass obtained in the latter. In this experiment   we could also observe that the colour of the water in which the beetroot were put turned purple. This happened because  the purple pigment in the beetroot diffused from the vegetable where there was a high concentration of colour into the water where there was no pigment at all. It was expected that the purple colour released by the beetroot increased with concentration of sugar dissolved in water. This was however not observed in the experiment.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

The Crucible Parris Essay Example

The Crucible Parris Paper What clues does Arthur Miller give to the audience to suggest what will happen in the rest of the play? Millers comments in the overture set up The Crucible quite well. Certain descriptions and words give implicit meanings that do not come through until the end. There are also implicit meanings that do not require the reading of the play such as, A small window in the room. This gives a meaning of the things being small and the people being narrow-minded. Negative words in Millers opening comments such as small, exposed and raw describe the room as if it is very negative, more like a Puritan society. A Puritan society is when the Christian Church rules over the community and they live in strict morals and laws. The people are narrow-minded and live in a tyrannical state of authority. This suggests that the story may go on negatively as he describes it. Miller gives actions to Reverend Parris such as pressed turns on her and pointing at Betty are all angry, malicious and tense actions from a supposed religious man. These are not actions of a calm, wise man if the faith but one of a bag of nerves that may possibly be hiding something that may come apparent later as the storyline progresses. We will write a custom essay sample on The Crucible Parris specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Crucible Parris specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Crucible Parris specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The audiences reaction to the first act of The Crucible would be one of shock, intrigue and a sense of it being enjoyable. The actions of Parris would shock the audience while also intriguing them, into what he will do later on, if he is still there. Also the actions of the Putnams and Abigail Williams would intrigue them but the child Abigail would give them some enjoyment. Miller presents Reverend Parris to the audience in this first act as a reasonably who is mentally unstable while being very protective about his family. This behaviour could lead the audience to believe that he will do this again later on. Parris language in this scene is sophisticated and short, to the point. This is shown in the stage directions as he is straight to the point and his words are getting shorter as well in his dialogue. Such instances are, No no, I cannot have anyone and Oh, pray not! Why, how does Ruth ail? The short sentences show that Parris is not giving anything away to the characters which shows Millers use of dramatic irony. We know that Parris has seen girls dancing in the woods which could show why he is slightly panicked. Parris language and tone of voice can suddenly change or give a new conviction to a person. When he is arguing with his niece, Abigail Williams, about the girls dancing in the woods and far from just accepting it as just sport he thinks they are conjuring spirits and practising witchcraft. (turns now, with new fear, and goes to Betty, looks down at her, and then gazing off): Oh, Abigail, what proper payment for my charity! Now I am undone. He is accusing Abigail for just taking him for granted. What he means by undone is his reputation. Miller suggests his reputation as a minister is more and more becoming dented by the accusation of witchcraft on his household. Abigail Williams is introduced to us as a, striking beautiful girl with the endless capacity for disassembling. This shows that Abby(Abigail) is a beautiful girl who can take things apart but this was not meant a literally. She can take peoples lives, families and reputations apart by using her beautiful looks or by some other means. The actions of Abby in the start of Act 1 as a timid servant to her uncle, Parris, but throughout the act she gains confidence and starts to accuse Tituba, the Negro slave, of raising the Devil but there is no proof of this. At the end of Act 1, however, we can see her endless capacity for disassembling when she wants to open herself to God and Betty mysteriously becomes awakened and accuses random people it seems, in the village. Abby joins Betty in this and accuses Goody Sibler of being with the Devil. The stage direction states, (It is rising with a great glee) and this direction shows Millers quickening of the accusations and the increased number of accusations. At the start of The Crucible Parris gives a sense of dramatic actions and one that could have lead to all the hysteria. Parris stage directions are, (scrambling to his feet in a fury. ) Miller shows him distraught and such an action to happen so quickly the audience would remember that clearly in the later scenes. The themes of causing hysteria are when Parris presses against Abby convicting her of conjuring spirits. (Pressed, turns on her), Parris is anxious to know what has happened to Betty and goes over the top with Abby, evading her personal space and with the play being performed would mean that it would look very effective.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Property Taxes and School Funding essays

Property Taxes and School Funding essays Most public schools in the United States depend on local property taxes for their initial funding. Admittedly, the wide disparity between schools in the poorest and wealthiest communities is due largely in part to the unequal funding created by unequal property values in said communities. Critics of this system, however, often overlook the fact that this phenomenon is a necessary part of the capitalist system. In order for any of us to succeed, some of us must get left behind. Residents of inner cities claim that they tax themselves at higher rates than residents of suburban areas in order to raise money for their public schools, but it is a known fact that their tax revenues must be diverted to meet non-school costs that wealthy suburbs do not face, or only on a far more modest scale. Police expenditures are higher in crime-ridden cities than in most suburban towns. It is important to note, though, that the thugs responsible for much of the crime in these cities and the students in these public schools are one and the same. If the students are out on the streets committing crimes rather than attending school, why should the taxpaying citizens even bother to continue pouring money into their schools? Most of these children will drop out before they graduate from high school anyway. The question that we must ask ourselves is this: whats the point? In my opinion, how the schools are funded is only a small part of the problem. There is no point in trying to reform these schools without first addressing the societal problems that plague these communities. If statistics continue to show that these children are more than likely to throw their lives away whether they have the benefit of an education or not, it is undeniably an effort in futility to continue funding their schools. Besides, the public school system works the way it does for a reason: to recreate the social divisions of labor and to preserve t...

Friday, November 22, 2019

5 Cases of Colliding Article Functions

5 Cases of Colliding Article Functions 5 Cases of Colliding Article Functions 5 Cases of Colliding Article Functions By Mark Nichol The title of a composition is self-contained; an article (a, an, or the) appearing as the first word of the title cannot serve that role as well as function as an article preceding the title. Discussions and revisions follow each example of this principle below. 1. The Apprentice guru has seen four of his casinos go bankrupt. This sentence cannot appropriate the first word of the title of the television program to serve as the sentence’s opening article; therefore, the sentence lacks an article. To resolve this issue, use a workaround convention- insert an article for the sentence and elide the title’s article: â€Å"The Apprentice guru has seen four of his casinos go bankrupt.† (Essentially, unitalicize The, but understand why you did so.) Alternatively, relax the sentence by inserting the article, relocating the noun that the program title modifies so that it precedes the title, and inserting of after that: â€Å"The guru of The Apprentice has seen four of his casinos go bankrupt.† 2. The Danish Girl star showed up in court in Los Angeles on Friday with a bruise on her face. Use the same solution here: â€Å"The Danish Girl star showed up in court in Los Angeles on Friday with a bruise on her face.† (Or write â€Å"The star of The Danish Girl showed up in court in Los Angeles on Friday with a bruise on her face.†) 3. Smith is expected to shoot The Untouchables remake. The same problem exists, and the same solutions apply, when the title appears elsewhere in the sentence: â€Å"Smith is expected to shoot the Untouchables remake† (but, in this case, lowercase the in addition to unitalicizing it) or â€Å"Smith is expected to shoot the remake of The Untouchables.† 4. Don’t miss the A Christmas Story marathon. Titles beginning with the article a (or an) should be treated the same way: â€Å"Don’t miss the Christmas Story marathon† or- with further revision necessary in this case- â€Å"Don’t miss the marathon movie event celebrating A Christmas Story.† 5. Berrigan credited Dorothy Day, founder of The Catholic Worker newspaper, with introducing him to the pacifist movement and influencing his thinking about war. An article that begins the title of a periodical publication should never be italicized: â€Å"Berrigan credited Dorothy Day, founder of the Catholic Worker newspaper, with introducing him to the pacifist movement and influencing his thinking about war.† (This is a style convention of necessity, because periodicals are inconsistent about whether they use an article- for example, compare copies of two preeminent American newspapers to note the difference in the official titles of the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times- and it’s a burden to try to keep track of which publications follow which style.) Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Style category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Possessive of Proper Names Ending in SHow to Play HQ Words: Cheats, Tips and TricksCapitalizing Titles of People and Groups

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Critical issues in criminal justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Critical issues in criminal justice - Essay Example The police-dogs are considered as complete or full-fledged police officer. Assaulting them is therefore punishable by the federal laws. Initially protected by the state laws, the police dogs are now protected by federal laws with individuals found guilty of assaulting the law enforcing animals standing the risk of serving ten years in prison or paying a fine of at least $1 000. This paper will address the topic by discussing the various legal and social issues surrounding the use of the canines in law enforcement. It is important to note that the police dogs being relied on to establish links in various crimes such as searching of cadavers, explosives, drugs etc., need to be protected by the law due to the sensitivity of the areas they are involved. For instance, in a case where a police dog injures a civilian in the course of duty, the police department from which it serves are held liable. In the same way, if an individual is found to have assaulted the police dog popularly known as K-9 a homophone of canine in the United States, they are made to stand trial and risk a possible conviction for the felony. This paper will therefore look at the federal laws and how different states protect and set laws in line with the use of the canines in law enforcement. A police dog just like any other personnel in the law enforcement sector has various responsibilities and rights that define the scope of their work. However, in the use of police dogs, there is no set or standardized set of laws that define how the dogs should be used. For instance, in trying to hunt down a suspect and presentation in court to assist in investigations or stand trial, the use of police dogs and the force applied may only be justified by the immediate behavior of the suspect such as resistance to arrest or the severity of the crime. The use of canine force is not always justified. In some cases, the police can

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Reflective log of report Outline Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Reflective log of report - Outline Example udgment is essential for making entrepreneurial marketing decisions, specifically for marketing decisions that impact customer dimensions, opportunity analysis, levels of provided services, and product ranges. In relation to the report, this competency helps in the identification of market opportunities for the Audi E1, as well as the ability to assess opportunities with scarce resources. In addition, judgment competency helps the entrepreneur to weigh the market opportunity for the Audi E1 against other alternatives that could emerge. Judgment in making this decision for entrepreneurs is usually based on experience, intuition, and hunch, which means that the entrepreneur must show high product knowledge levels (Uslay & Ndubisi, 2014: p16). Another competency required for entrepreneurial marketers in the decision-making stage is the experience competency, which is linked to the previous judgment competency. This competency is important in relation to specific business fields, for instance knowledge of who major players in the electric vehicle industry. Moreover, another important aspect of this competency can be seen in the level of confidence that an entrepreneur’s experience wealth will allow them to make predictions on whether customers of electric cars might react unfavourably or favourably in specific circumstances (Bjerke & Hultman, 2012: p24). This vital competence and how it is expressed is refreshing in this case because it is indicative of the entrepreneur ability to utilize, enrich, and enhance their experience via proactive marketing. Therefore, this competency is dynamic in that it can be enriched and refined constantly with every marketing experience. As a result, previous entrepreneurship marketin g experience came into play during the present activity, increasing the entrepreneur’s competency to deal with increasing numbers of marketing decisions. When the workload is heavy, for example, the competency of experience enables accurate

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Good Readers Good Writers V Essay Example for Free

Good Readers Good Writers V Essay â€Å"Good Readers and Good Writers† (from Lectures on Literature) Vladimir Nabokov (originally delivered in 1948) My course, among other things, is a kind of detective investigation of the mystery of literary structures. How to be a Good Reader or Kindness to Authors—something of that sort might serve to provide a subtitle for these various discussions of various authors, for my plan is to deal lovingly, in loving and lingering detail, with several European Masterpieces. A hundred years ago, Flaubert in a letter to his mistress made the following remark: Commelon serait savant si l’on  connaissait bien seulement cinq a six livres: What a scholar one might be if one knew well only some half a dozen books. In reading, one should notice and fondle details. There is nothing wrong about the moonshine of generalization when it comes after the sunny trifles of the book have been lovingly collected. If one begins with a readymade generalization, one begins at the wrong end and travels away from the book before one has started to understand it. Nothing is more boring or more unfair to the author than starting to read, say, Madame Bovary, with the preconceived notion that it is a denunciation of the bourgeoisie. We should always remember that the work of art is invariably the creation of a new world, so that the first thing we should do is to study that new world as closely as possible, approaching it as something brand new, having no obvious connection with the worlds we already know. When this new world has been closely studied, then and only then let us examine its links with other worlds, other branches of knowledge. Another question: Can we expect to glean information about places and times from a novel? Can anybody be so naive as to think he or she can learn anything about the past from those buxom  best-sellers that are hawked around by book clubs under the heading of historical novels? But what about the masterpieces? Can we rely on Jane Austen’s picture of landowning England with baronets and landscaped grounds when all she knew was a clergyman’s parlor? And Bleak House, that fantastic romance within a fantastic London, can we call it a study of London a hundred years ago? Certainly not. And the same holds for other such novels in this series. The truth is that great novels are great fairy tales—and the novels in this series are supreme fairy tales. Time and space, the colors of the seasons, the movements of muscles and minds, all these are for writers of genius (as far as we can guess and I trust we guess right) not traditional notions which may be borrowed from the circulating library of public truths but a series of unique surprises which master artists have learned to express in their own unique way. To minor authors is left the ornamentation of the commonplace: these do not bother about any reinventing of the world; they merely try to squeeze the best they can out of a given order of things, out of traditional  patterns of fiction. The various combinations these minor authors are able to produce within these set limits may be quite amusing in a mild ephemeral way because minor readers like to recognize their own ideas in a pleasing disguise. But the real writer, the fellow who sends planets spinning and models a man asleep and eagerly tampers with the sleeper’s rib, that kind of author has no given values at his disposal: he must create them himself. The art of writing is a very futile business if it does not imply first of all the art of seeing the world as the potentiality of  fiction. The material of this world may be real enough (as far as reality goes) but does not exist at all as an accepted entirety: it is chaos, and to this chaos the author says go! allowing the world to flicker and to fuse. It is now recombined in its very atoms, not merely in its visible and superficial parts. The writer is the first man to mop it and to form the natural objects it contains. Those berries there are edible. That speckled creature that bolted across my path might be tamed. That lake between those trees will be called Lake Opal or, more artistically, Dishwater  Lake. That mist is a mountain—and that mountain must be conquered. Up a trackless slope climbs the master artist, and at the top, on a windy ridge, whom do you think he meets? The panting and happy reader, and there they spontaneously embrace and are linked forever if the book lasts forever. One evening at a remote provincial college through which I happened to be jogging on a protracted lecture tour, I suggested a little quiz—ten definitions of a reader, and from these ten the students had to choose four definitions that would combine to make a good reader. I have  mislaid the list, but as far as I remember the definitions went something like this. Select four answers to the question what should a reader be to be a good reader: 1. The reader should belong to a book club. 2. The reader should identify himself or herself with the hero or heroine. 3. The reader should concentrate on the social-economic angle. 4. The reader should prefer a story with action and dialogue to one with none. 5. The reader should have seen the book in a movie. 6. The reader should be a budding author. 7. The reader should have imagination. 8. The reader should have memory. 9.  The reader should have a dictionary. 10. The reader should have some artistic sense. The students leaned heavily on emotional identification, action, and the social-economic or historical angle. Of course, as you have guessed, the good reader is one who has imagination, memory, a dictionary, and some artistic sensewhich sense I propose to develop in myself and in others whenever I have the chance. Incidentally, I use the word reader very loosely. Curiously enough, one cannot read a book: one can only reread it. A good reader, a major reader, an active and creative reader is a rereader. And I shall tell you why. When we read a book for the first time the very process of laboriously moving our eyes from left to right, line after line, page after page, this complicated physical work upon the book, the very process of learning in terms of space and time what the book is about, this stands between us and artistic appreciation. When we look at a painting we do not have to move our eyes in a special way even if, as in a book, the picture contains elements of depth and development. The element of time does not really enter in a first contact with a painting. In reading a book, we must have time to acquaint ourselves with it. We have no physical organ (as we have the eye in regard to a painting) that takes in the whole picture and then can enjoy its details. But at a second, or third, or fourth reading we do, in a sense, behave towards a book as we do towards a painting. However, let us not confuse the physical eye, that monstrous masterpiece of evolution, with the mind, an even more monstrous achievement. A book, no matter what it is—a work of fiction or a work of science (the boundary line between the two is not as clear as is generally believed)—a book of fiction appeals first of all to the mind. The mind, the brain, the top of the tingling spine, is, or should be, the only instrument used upon a book. Now, this being so, we should ponder the question how does the mind work when the sullen reader is confronted by the sunny book. First, the sullen mood melts away, and for better or worse the reader enters into the spirit of the game. The effort to begin a book, especially if it is praised by people whom the young reader secretly deems to be too old-fashioned or too serious, this effort is often difficult to make; but once it is made, rewards are various and abundant. Since the master artist used his imagination in creating his book, it is natural and fair that the consumer of a book should use his imagination too. There are, however, at least two varieties of imagination in the reader’s case. So let us see which one of the two is the right one to use in reading a book. First, there is the comparatively lowly kind which turns for support to the simple emotions and is of a definitely personal nature. (There are various subvarieties here, in this first section of emotional reading. ) A situation in a book is intensely felt because it reminds us of something that happened to us or to someone we  know or knew. Or, again, a reader treasures a book mainly because it evokes a country, a landscape, a mode of living which he nostalgically recalls as part of his own past. Or, and this is the worst thing a reader can do, he identifies himself with a character in the book. This lowly variety is not the kind of imagination I would like readers to use. So what is the authentic instrument to be used by the reader? It is impersonal imagination and artistic delight. What should be established, I think, is an artistic harmonious balance between the reader’s mind and the author’s mind. We ought to remain a little aloof and take pleasure in this aloofness while at the same time we keenly enjoy—passionately enjoy, enjoy with tears and shivers—the inner weave of a given masterpiece. To be quite objective in these matters is of course impossible. Everything that is worthwhile is to some extent subjective. For instance, you sitting there may be merely my dream, and I may be your nightmare. But what I mean is that the reader must know when and where to curb his imagination and this he does by trying to get clear the specific world the author places at his disposal. We must see things and hear things, we must visualize the rooms, the clothes, the manners of an author’s people. The color of Fanny Price’s eyes in Mansfield Park and the furnishing of her cold little room are important. We all have different temperaments, and I can tell you right now that the best temperament for a reader to have, or to develop, is a combination of the artistic and the scientific one. The enthusiastic artist alone is apt to be too subjective in his attitude towards a book, and so a scientific coolness of judgment will temper the intuitive heat. If, however, a would-be reader is utterly devoid of passion and patience—of an artist’s passion and a scientist’s patience—he will hardly enjoy great literature. Literature was born not the day when a boy crying wolf, wolf came running out of the Neanderthal valley with a big gray wolf at his heels: literature was born on the day when a boy came crying wolf, wolf and there was no wolf behind him. That the poor little fellow because he lied too often was finally eaten up by a real beast is quite incidental. But here is what is important. Between the wolf in the tall grass and the wolf in the tall story there is a shimmering  go-between. That go-between, that prism, is the art of literature. Literature is invention. Fiction is fiction. To call a story a true story is an insult to both art and truth. Every great writer is a great deceiver, but so is that arch-cheat Nature. Nature always deceives. From the simple deception of propagation to the prodigiously sophisticated illusion of protective colors in butterflies or birds, there is in Nature a marvelous system of spells and wiles. The writer of fiction only follows Nature’s lead. Going back for a moment to our wolf-crying woodland little woolly fellow, we may put it this  way: the magic of art was in the shadow of the wolf that he deliberately invented, his dream of the wolf; then the story of his tricks made a good story. When he perished at last, the story told about him acquired a good lesson in the dark around the campfire. But he was the little magician. He was the inventor. There are three points of view from which a writer can be considered: he may be considered as a storyteller, as a teacher, and as an enchanter. A major writer combines these three—storyteller, teacher, enchanter—but it is the enchanter in him that predominates and makes him a major  writer. To the storyteller we turn for entertainment, for mental excitement of the simplest kind, for emotional participation, for the pleasure of traveling in some remote region in space or time. A slightly different though not necessarily higher mind looks for the teacher in the writer. Propagandist, moralist, prophet—this is the rising sequence. We may go to the teacher not only for moral education but also for direct knowledge, for simple facts. Alas, I have known people whose purpose in reading the French and Russian novelists was to learn something about life in gay Paree or in sad Russia. Finally, and above all, a great writer is always a great enchanter, and it is here that we come to the really exciting part when we try to grasp the individual magic of his genius and to study the style, the imagery, the pattern of his novels or poems. The three facets of the great writer—magic, story, lesson—are prone to blend in one impression of unified and unique radiance, since the magic of art may be present in the very bones of the story, in the very marrow of thought. There are masterpieces of dry, limpid, organized thought which provoke in us an artistic quiver quite as strongly as a novel like Mansfield Park does or as  any rich flow of Dickensian sensual imagery. It seems to me that a good formula to test the quality of a novel is, in the long run, a merging of the precision of poetry and the intuition of science. In order to bask in that magic a wise reader reads the book of genius not with his heart, not so much with his brain, but with his spine. It is there that occurs the telltale tingle even though we must keep a little aloof, a little detached when reading. Then with a pleasure which is both sensual and intellectual we shall watch the artist build his castle of cards and watch the castle of cards become a castle of beautiful steel and glass.

Thursday, November 14, 2019

Blanche :: essays research papers

Blanche Du Bois: Blanche is a woman coming from an aristocratic background. She has lost her home, Belle Reve and also her job as an English teacher and came to her sister’s house to stay for a while. In the past, her first lover died and after that she had changed a lot. Blanche is described by Tennessee Williams as delicate, sensitive, cultured, and beautiful. She is always â€Å"dressed in a white suit with a fluffy boddice, necklace and ear-rings of pearl, white gloves and hat, looking as if she were arriving at a summer tea or coctail party in the garden district.† (117-Scene I) This whiteness is symbolic that she wants to be seen as pure. Her name also means â€Å"white†. She bathes often because she feels dirty in her body maybe because of her sexual memories. She says â€Å"a hot bath and a long, cold drink always gives me a brand-new outlook on life.† (192-Scene VII) This summarizes her need for bathing. As she is unable to get rid of her dirtiness in her mind, she tries to get rid of it physically. She also drinks a lot because she feels comfortable after that. She escapes into drink rather than facing life as it is. Her other weakness is about her appearance. She pays too much attention to her appearance because she wants to catch men’s eyes. She admits that while talking to her sister, Stella, by saying: â€Å"I never was hard or self-sufficient enough. When people are soft- soft people have got to court the favour of hard ones, Stella. Have got to be seductive- put on soft colours, the colours of butterfly wings, and glow†¦I’ve run for protection, Stella†¦And so the soft people have got to- shimmer and glow – put a – paper lantern over the light†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (169-Scene V) She is giving too much importance to her looks. For example, the light is a symbol of this. She is afraid of light. She is getting older and if she is seen in the light, she thinks people will discover her real age and won’t look at her. Blanche always lies about her situation, her appearance, her age, her everything. This is what Stanley discovers and tells Stella all about it. â€Å"Sister Blanche is no lily.† (186-Scene VII) And another lie she said was about her resignation from the school. It is all because of â€Å" a seventeen-year-old-boy-she’d gotten mixed up with.

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Primordial Sound Meditation Essay

Donna Miesbach opens the lecture asking if anyone participates in meditation. Her knowledge begins for her at the age of 17. The passion she emits when teaching primordial sound meditation is evident with the discussion she leads. Informative about Dr. Deepka Chopa making the Vedic tradition of India available and able to read to many people. Bringing meditation back into society. Meditation can be described as entering a state of complete awareness. Meditation is about oneself; you with your mind. A place you can fulfill your purpose, get in tune with your soul, no stress, anxiety or fear. Meditation relieves stress and helps to remember self wholeness. It rejuvenates the cells to wake up, relaxes the physical, mental and energy body, introduces serenity, bliss and clarity all while bringing balance to every area of life. Meditation is stated as a three step process. The basis starts with our state of mind.; many thoughts stimulate and stress our emotional, mental, energy and physical bodies. The â€Å"meditation station† describes the normal state of mind of not being normal but abnormal with effects of receiving sensory stimuli that react in uncontrolled ways. Also that our thoughts can be opposing of each other, thoughts that bring warm, cuddly, relaxed emotions can also initiate fear, anxiety and paranoia. A tool used to transition thru meditation is Mantra, defined as â€Å"man=mind† and â€Å"tra=instrument† so as a whole † Instrument of the mind† The first step of meditation is gaining control over our mind, to concentrate. All effects are directly or indirectly in all areas of the body and mind. Concentration derived from the Latin words â€Å"To† † Center or fixed center point† offers mental influence and mental imaging, looking at the word as a whole can be further defined as † bring to a common point.† and the â€Å"act or state of bringing to a fixed point or focus†. With concentration you are bringing the highest forms of energy, power and forces to a focus point , keeping it from dissolving over multiple areas. Focused concentration can be difficult to achieve with current lifestyle, duties of family, work, school, schedules, appointments all correlate to keep the mind restless. With the obstacles of swirling thoughts, applying the control of voluntary attention and exercising self will are key to facilitate ones control of attention and will . Practicing paying attention to concentration, you gain the experience to exercise your will to just be witness to any distracting thoughts that populate; instead of using imagination or daydreams in lieu of concentrating on the object of your meditation. So primarily the goal in the first area of meditation is to concentrate, provide un forced attention and focus on one object whether it’s a personalized mantra, a saying, chant or actual object. The next step instructed is mind and body connection and silencing of the mind best known as Meditation. In meditation the attention is unbroken, effortless, a steady flow of concentration. The focused attention is also applied to the object of meditation and the state of meditation that initiates deeper and deeper concentration which then proclaims true knowledge, universal awareness and can begin to restore balance. You become connected to feelings, sensations and everything connected to that object. Best quoted is Albert Einstein † Everything in the universe is relative to everything else† This deep concentration and connection ultimately brings your meditation to connect you to everything; uniting your object and your mind. The final step of meditation occurs in the state of contemplation and ultimate consciousness. The experience of not being conscious of just our body and thoughts but being part of the universe and cosmos. Some imply it is a birthright and destiny to attune to this state of realization, truth, consciousness and bliss. You become connected to the universe as it is connected to you in a simple, spontaneous action. Nothing is forced, what happens is what is supposed to happen. Meditation takes practice. Overall patience and understanding to accomplish the deepest form of meditation requires you to have the abilities of focusing on an object, reject unwanted/unwarranted thoughts not related to the object, promoting the power to controlled thoughts, the capacity to stop them, comprehension to separate ones self from thoughts, and all is done to master and achieve a silent mind. This deep state of meditation refers to the silent mind as a powerful experience. A silent mind is related to being alert and sensitive to surroundings, compassionate towards others, removing harmful notions from the mind, judgments, rejection, hatred, anger, jealousy and any thought process that is implying one of being wrapped in ones own confusions. Primordial sound mediation is best explained as a healing practice. Experience inner peace and it reminds oneself of our essence, improves inspiration, compassion, love, health, enthusiasm and creativity in daily living and relations. Primordial sounds consist of basic, essential sounds and vibrations from nature. Mantras are primordial sounds that are depicted from the Vedic mathematics, which determine the exact sound or vibrations developed using the date, time and location of a persons birth. If used correctly to influence the quieting of the mind, you can fall into meditation easier and faster. The mantra guides you from levels of clustered thought activities, to complete silence. You are no longer affected by internal commotion and are able to in-tune to true, and peaceful awareness of the universe. This allows the mind, physical body and energy network that supports and sustains the physical body ability to function at maximum effectiveness. Mantra deepens meditation, it blesses our lives with the universe ,provides true knowledgeable wealth of the soul, gives a roadmap to heightened awareness and clears, relaxes, and rejuvenates the body.. There are many types, forms and ways of meditation. All meditation types possess the ability to restore physical, mental and emotional self well being. The fact that we use roughly 5% of our minds substantiates the importance of relaxing beyond the busyness and ciaos. Other meditation can include walking, simple, mindfulness, journey, vibrational and central channel meditation, all techniques allow anyone to incorporate and fit into their lifestyle. The tasks of the present day insist that people are more human doings with the constant feeling of needing to be doing something or going somewhere, always doing. We need to be referring to ourselves as â€Å"human beings† so it incorporates the importance of attention, concentration, self peace and we are just beings; here to be!

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Industry Analysis for the Airline Industry

An Industry in which I have a potential future interest for an entrepreneurial venture is the ever changing airline industry. Although facing tough numbers after the 9/11 attacks, I have always held an interest for this industry. There are several basic economic characteristics for this industry. There are many opportunities, there are also many threats. The airline industry was heavily regulated by the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) for close to 40 years. Eventually, Congress abandoned airline price and service regulation and disbanded the CAB.Since deregulation the airline industry has becoming increasingly competitive. This industry is also very large and important to the travel and tourism industry. This industry is also very important in developing new business strategies amongst different industries. Before working with any industry, you should take steps to analyze it. The two basic types of aviation are commercial aviation and general aviation. General aviation deals with oper ating you aircraft more for internal purposes. Commercial deals more with carrying passengers or cargo for hire.The scheduled airline industry is more of commercial aviation. The first scheduled airline service started in the 1920's. There have been a lot of eventful history in this industry including periods of rapid growth and prosperity, rapid technological change, federal regulation of prices and routes, entry and exits of firms, bankruptcies, rivalries, financial losses, and problems in safety and security. However, the industry had become one of the most important factors of today's transportation infrastructure.The table below displays how much the industry has grown over the years. Table 7. 1: Annual U. S. Passenger Enplanements by Scheduled Airlines, 1930-2004 (millions of persons) Source: Air Transport Association, Annual Operations, Traffic and Capacity, www. airlines. org/econ/d. aspx? nid=1032 There are many rivalries in the air line industry. The Federal Aviation Admin istration (FAA) divides the firms in the airline industry into three categories. Group 3 consists of airlines that gain at least $1 billion in annual revenue.National, or Group 2, are those who gain between $100 million and $1 billion in annual revenue. The last group is Regional, or Group 1, which gains less than $100 million in annual revenue. In Group 3, United, American, and Delta holds the top 3 spots in revenue, revenue passenger miles, and available seat miles. Porter's five forces is by far the most influential in business strategy. It analyzes business segments and developing entry/exit/investment plans. Below is a model of Porter's five forces for American Airlines, one of the most dominant companies of the airline industry.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Coyotes as an Environmental Concern in Southern California

Coyotes as an Environmental Concern in Southern California The quest to offer solutions to challenges caused by urban coyote (Canis latrans) in Southern California faces many issues including the environment of habitation, coyote behavior as well as human behavior and laws. Baker and Timm (1998) focus on urban coyote conflict. Nevertheless, discussions on types of efficient control processes and related challenges are minimal.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Coyotes as an Environmental Concern in Southern California specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some common conflicts in urban regions include destroying property, harassing pets, bullying or assaulting humans and exhibiting daring or violent behavior. Growing urbanization is gradually making human interest to be at conflict with wildlife. The rising amount of conflicts between humans and coyotes in these regions is a wide topic of discussion. This paper discusses how habitats, laws, human and coyote behavior intera ct in finding solutions to urban conflict. Habitats Southern California rests in California’s South mountains and Coast regions. The region has home densities that range from 0.0/km2 in rural surroundings to 140/km2 in urban areas (Baker Timm, 1998). Consistent with definition, rural regions are those that produce farmyields and livestock. Main types of plants include oak, grasslands, lower chaparral and riparian woodlands.Cyclic alterations in rain, winters, summers and little changes in yearly temperatures typify this climate. Such conditions and habitats sustain animals that serve as food to coyotes. Growth has formed regions of urban-wild land interface, which form the margin between urban and rural regions. As residences and urbanization go on to augment, the margin persists to enlarge. Urban habitats comprise parks, drainages, and gardens that that reside near houses. Human Actions The behavior of humans has a noteworthy role in forming and resolving conflict between p eople and wildlife. Long ago, the issue of wildlife conflict was only in rural environments. At that time, the federal agencies and the state defended harvestable resources and domestic animals. Currently, we recognize that wildlife conflict exists in both rural and urban settings and human behavior has a significant role in wildlife relations.Advertising Looking for research paper on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Wildlife, whether in urban or urban-rural interface regions, offers noteworthy value to people. Nevertheless, habituation of wildlife to humans produces animals that can be more treacherous than those in the rural areas can. Habituation stem from acceptance of coyotes and the nonexistence of negative reinforcement. Several people, innocently or knowingly, allow coyotes to subsist and be close to their homes and pets through offering food or secluded habitat fragments in urban settin g. Certain human actions that manipulate human-coyote associations include open space organization, pet husbandry processes and refuse management. Some human beings deliberately nourishing coyotes have as well been associated to several coyote issues, as well as human assaults. A significant aspect is how humans react to coyotes when they come across them in urban areas or beside the urban-rural interface regions. Unless coyotes receive negative reinforcement, they will start to perceive these experiences in a positive manner, thus losing their usual human fear and their innate foraging behaviors. These cultured actions and adaptation to people may be transmitted to young that are brought up in urban areas. Wherever a number or all of these human behaviors fail to be fully addressed, coyotes will exploit any resources they require to exist, causing possible conflicts. Baker and Timm (1998) explain that the majority coyotes in urban settings have stopped seeing people as enemies. Rat her, coyotes view human as a good food source. Coyotes’ capability to adjust to actions of people has played a central role in making animas to end fear for belief animals. The persistent attrition of the human-wild animal division refers to taming, which seeks to eradicate human trepidation in coyotes. Taming form a situation of adoption of people into the social ring of wild animals and this is likely to pose human danger, in the end.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Coyotes as an Environmental Concern in Southern California specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The growing urban-rural interface associated with human expansion has offered an outsized environment for coyotes, which are a source of major conflicts. The rural-urban interface offers security and food resources for coyotes, since they can enter and leave the habitat with no difficulties. Besides, it is the swiftest growing habitat (Fedriani e t al. 2001). Features of the landscape in this habitat have water, food, cover, and these draw many animals that act as food for coyotes. This forms synthetically enlarged inhabitants of indigenous and non- indigenous species including gophers, rabbits and earth squirrels, all of which are good food sources for the urban coyote. Equally, food objects like small cats and wind-fallen fruits serve as great meals for the coyates. Laws and Regulations Some bodies that have participated in making laws include the California State Legislature, California voters, as well as the California Fish and Game Commission. These bodies have had vital roles in making a varied set of regulations and policies that concern the control of coyotes and all marauders in California. A noteworthy aspect of these bodies is California’s suggestion for a triumphant measure, which adjusted both Fish and Game regulations and state statutes. Regulatory changes and legislative proceedings, especially those as sociated to increased fortification of definite wildlife species and the elimination of wildlife damage control techniques have had a major effect on coyote conflict resolution. Coyote Behavior Coyotes prefer to live in natural habitats but they also adapt to urban environments easily. Coyotes feed at night and rest during the day. According to Tigas (2002), coyotes decrease activity during the day more in urban settings than in rural areas, where there is reduced human activity. The agility of coyotes allows them to succeed and thrive in almost all natural and artificial environments in southern California. Damage Resource management groups assume the responsibility of eliminating coyotes lethally. Nevertheless, inside wildlife groups there are many variable construes of what constitutes a human health and safety assault. The question is whether when a coyote moves toward humans is classified as a human health and safety matter, or whether all assaults on pets are a human health an d safety happening. Another question that comes up is whether the attack has to cause damage.Advertising Looking for research paper on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More An additional human pressure is how the public at large and neighbors respond to an assault. Riley and Decker (2000) explain that wildlife in the backyard is endured until a beast sprays the city clerk, or an influential individual catches Lyme infection from tick-infested animal; then, elimination is ordered instantly. Carrying out coyote damage control in urban regions requires lots of time. It could take a number of weeks or months for the felonious coyote to go back to the region where apparatus have been positioned. Techniques used in managing coyotes in urban-suburban regions differ greatly, depending on the circumstances and setting. Within California, these consist of traps, gunfire such as 12 gauge shotguns, spotlighting and calling using electronic or manual techniques. Cage traps have served the purpose on several occasions, although they do not represent the most efficient way of coyote control. The use of these approaches in urban/suburban regions should be carried out with great secrecy and proficiency, maintaining the public’s security as a theme of highest significance. Technology California has a fact sheet through its wildlife service program aimed at helping homeowners in urban regions find solutions to coyote problems. Besides, The California Department of Fish and Game steers a campaigns through similar brochures. records from the wildlife service department show that the three most frequent solutions given to humans facing urban-suburban coyote issues are those allied with eradicating either direct or indirect wildlife feed harassment of coyotes and exclusion method. The majority urban-suburban coyote challenges can be solved by chasing them afar from their item of attraction, eradicating the item of attraction, or removing what they are attracted to and denying them the right to access items that attract them. Direct control Various conflicts call for larger attention, either because of the absence of success in executing technica l assistance suggestions, or to a more solemn increasing coyote conduct caused by several human pressures or actions. Additionally, several conflicts such as attack on a person are further serious, thus calling for direct attention to resolve the issue. In these circumstances, the wildlife service will take direct control as the primary alternative. Nonetheless, when the verdict is made to control coyotes directly, the service often offers technical assistance to aid in avoiding problems in the prospect. This is achievable through group conferences with homeowner associations, face-to-face conferences with inhabitants, as well as, allocation of fact sheets and other copies, The rising dollar, level of damage and number of coyotes captured by direct control show the need for sustained and insistent public audience. Technical support does give approaches and recommendations to lessen conflicts. Nevertheless, the suggestions must receive support from the affected. Measures of direct co ntrol and call for technical support will persist as long as the conflict between humans and coyotes lives. Thus, certain policies and procedures should be established and pursued by all administrators when handling conflicts that are thought to have public concerns. Government representatives have to be well informed when instituting such policies, and they ought to seek to comprehend the intricacies of coyote management in the contradictory urban environments. The absence of societal outreach and definite policies will eventually bring about further eliminations of coyotes. In conclusion, coyote is in much conflict with human beings. Some common conflicts in urban regions include destroying property, harassing pets, bullying or assaulting humans and exhibiting daring or violent behavior. These conflicts arise from habituation of coyotes to human beings. Some human beings deliberately nourishing coyotes have as well been associated to several coyote issues, as well as human assault s. Unless coyotes receive negative reinforcement, they will start to perceive these experiences in a positive manner, thus losing their usual human fear and their innate foraging behaviors. Several legal and security matters must be well thought-out before selecting alternatives for coyote control. Specialists in the wild life sector are familiar with state and federal polices and laws concerning the use of discriminating apparatus while carrying out coyote conflict management. Nonetheless, human actions including proposition, codes, and regulations have cased eradication of some methods or stern limitations on their use. Oral Presentation My topic focuses on coyotes as an environmental concern in Southern California. The quest to offer solutions to challenges caused by urban coyote (Canis latrans) in Southern California faces many issues including the environment of habitation, coyote behavior as well as human actions and laws. Let us focus at each one of these in turn. Habitation Growth has formed regions of urban-wild land interface, which form the margin between urban and rural regions. As residences and urbanization go on to augment, the margin persists to enlarge. Urban habitats comprise parks, uncovered spaces, drainages, and gardens that have homes and other developments as their surroundings. Human Actions Habituation of wildlife to humans produces animals that can be more treacherous than those in the rural areas can. Several people, innocently or knowingly, allow coyotes to subsist and be close to their homes and pets through offering food or secluded habitat fragments in urban setting. Certain human actions that manipulate human-coyote associations include open space organization, pet husbandry processes and refuse management. Laws Regulatory changes and legislative proceedings, especially those associated to increased fortification of definite wildlife species and the elimination of wildlife damage control techniques have had a major effect on coy ote conflict resolution. Some bodies that have participated in making laws include the California State Legislature, California voters, as well as the California Fish and Game Commission. Coyote Behavior Coyotes prefer to live in natural habitats but they also adapt to urban environments easily. The agility of coyotes allows them to succeed and thrive in almost all natural and artificial environments in southern California. Solutions To solve these problems, technology and direct control methods are useful. California has a fact sheet through its wildlife service program aimed at helping homeowners in urban regions find solutions to coyote problems. Besides, the wildlife service should take direct control as the primary alternative through group conferences with homeowner associations. References Baker, R.O., Timm, R.M. (1998). Management of conflicts between urban coyotes and humans in southern California. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Fedriani, J.M., Fuller, T.K., Sauva jot, R.M.( 2001). Does the availability of anthropogenic food enhance densities of omnivorous mammals? An example with coyotes in southern California. Ecography, 24, 325-331. Riley, S.J., A., Decker, D.J. (2000). Risk perception as a factor in wildlife stakeholder acceptance capacity for cougars in Montana. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 5, 50-62. Tigas, L.A. (2002). Behavioral responses of bobcats and coyotes to habitat fragmentation and corridors in an urban environment. Biological Conservation, 108, 299-306.

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Auschwitz Concentration and Death Camp

Auschwitz Concentration and Death Camp Built by the Nazis as both a concentration and death camp, Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazis camps and the most streamlined mass killing center ever created. It was at Auschwitz that 1.1 million people were murdered, mostly Jews. Auschwitz has become a symbol of death, the Holocaust, and the destruction of European Jewry. Dates: May 1940 - January 27, 1945 Camp Commandants: Rudolf Hà ¶ss, Arthur Liebehenschel, Richard Baer Auschwitz Established On April 27, 1940, Heinrich Himmler ordered the construction of a new camp near Oswiecim, Poland (about 37 miles or 60 km west of Krakow). The Auschwitz Concentration Camp (Auschwitz is the German spelling of Oswiecim) quickly became the largest Nazi  concentration and death camp. By the time of its liberation, Auschwitz had grown to include three large camps and 45 sub-camps. Auschwitz I (or the Main Camp) was the original camp. This camp housed prisoners, was the location of medical experiments, and the site of Block 11 (a place of severe torture) and the Black Wall (a place of execution). At the entrance of Auschwitz, I stood the infamous sign that stated Arbeit Macht Frei (work makes one free). Auschwitz I also housed the Nazi staff that ran the entire camp complex. Auschwitz II (or Birkenau) was completed in early 1942. Birkenau was built approximately 1.9 miles (3 km) away from Auschwitz I and was the real killing center of the Auschwitz death camp. It was in Birkenau where the dreaded selections were carried out on the ramp and where the sophisticated and camouflaged gas chambers laid in waiting. Birkenau, much larger than Auschwitz I, housed the most prisoners and included areas for women and Gypsies. Auschwitz III (or Buna-Monowitz) was built last as housing for the forced laborers at the Buna synthetic rubber factory in Monowitz. The 45 other sub-camps also housed prisoners that were used for forced labor. Arrival and Selection Jews, Gypsies (Roma), homosexuals, asocials, criminals, and prisoners of war were gathered, stuffed into cattle cars on trains, and sent to Auschwitz. When the trains stopped at Auschwitz II: Birkenau, the newly arrived were told to leave all their belongings on board and were then forced to disembark from the train and gather upon the railway platform, known as the ramp. Families, who had disembarked together, were quickly and brutally split up as an SS officer, usually, a Nazi doctor, ordered each individual into one of two lines. Most women, children, older men, and those that looked unfit or unhealthy were sent to the left; while most young men and others that looked strong enough to do hard labor were sent to the right. Unbeknownst to the people in the two lines, the left line meant immediate death at the gas chambers and the right meant that they would become a prisoner of the camp. (Most of the prisoners would later die from starvation, exposure, forced labor, and/or torture.) Once the selections had been concluded, a select group of Auschwitz prisoners (part of Kanada) gathered up all the belongings that had been left on the train and sorted them into huge piles, which were then stored in warehouses. These items (including clothing, eyeglasses, medicine, shoes, books, pictures, jewelry, and prayer shawls) would periodically be bundled and shipped back to Germany. Gas Chambers and Crematoria at Auschwitz The people who were sent to the left, which was the majority of those who arrived at Auschwitz, were never told that they had been chosen for death. The entire mass murder system depended on keeping this secret from its victims. If the victims had known they were headed to their death, they would most definitely have fought back. But they didnt know, so the victims latched onto the hope that the Nazis wanted them to believe. Having been told that they were going to be sent to work, the masses of victims believed it when they were told they first needed to be disinfected and have showers. The victims were ushered into an ante-room, where they were told to remove all their clothing. Completely naked, these men, women, and children were then ushered into a large room that looked like a big shower room (there were even fake shower heads on the walls). When the doors shut, a Nazi would pour Zyklon-B pellets into an opening (in the roof or through a window). The pellets  turned into poison gas once it contacted air. The gas killed quickly, but it was not instantaneous. Victims, finally realizing that this was not a shower room, clambered over each other, trying to find a pocket of breathable air. Others would claw at the doors until their fingers bled. Once everyone in the room was dead, special prisoners assigned this horrible task (Sonderkommandos) would air out the room and then remove the bodies. The bodies would be searched for gold and then placed into the crematoria. Although Auschwitz I did have a gas chamber, the majority of the mass murdering occurred in Auschwitz II: Birkenaus four main gas chambers, each of which had its own crematorium. Each of these gas chambers could murder about 6,000 people a day. Life in the Auschwitz Concentration Camp Those that had been sent to the right during the selection process on the ramp went through a dehumanizing process that turned them into camp prisoners. All of their clothes and any remaining personal belongings were taken from them and their hair was shorn completely off. They were given striped prison outfits and a pair of shoes, all of which were usually the wrong size. They were then registered, had their arms tattooed with a number, and transferred to one of Auschwitzs camps for forced labor. The new arrivals were then thrown into the cruel, hard, unfair, horrific world of camp life. Within their first week at Auschwitz, most new prisoners had discovered the fate of their loved ones that had been sent to the left. Some of the new prisoners never recovered from this news. In the barracks, prisoners slept cramped together with three prisoners per wooden bunk. Toilets in the barracks consisted of a bucket, which had usually overflowed by morning. In the morning, all prisoners would be assembled outside for roll call (Appell). Standing outside for hours at roll call, whether in intense heat or below freezing temperatures, was itself a torture. After roll call, the prisoners would be marched to the place where they were to work for the day. While some prisoners worked inside factories, others worked outside doing hard labor. After hours of hard work, the prisoners would be marched back to camp for another roll call. Food was scarce and usually consisted of a bowl of soup and some bread. The limited amount of food and extremely hard labor was intentionally meant to work and starve the prisoners to death. Medical Experiments Also on the ramp, Nazi doctors would search among the new arrivals for anyone they might want to experiment upon. Their favorite choices were twins and dwarves, but also anyone who in any way looked physically unique, such as having different colored eyes, would be pulled from the line for experiments. At Auschwitz, there was a team of Nazi doctors who conducted experiments, but the two most notorious were Dr. Carl Clauberg and Dr.  Josef Mengele. Dr. Clauberg focused his attention on finding ways to sterilize women, by such unorthodox methods as X-rays and injections of various substances into their uteruses. Dr. Mengele  experimented on identical twins, hoping to find a secret to cloning what Nazis considered the perfect Aryan. Liberation When the Nazis realized that the Russians were successfully pushing their way toward Germany in late 1944, they decided to start destroying evidence of their atrocities at Auschwitz. Himmler ordered the destruction of the crematoria and the human ashes were buried in huge pits and covered with grass. Many of the warehouses were emptied, with their contents shipped back to Germany. In the middle of January 1945, the Nazis removed the last 58,000 prisoners from Auschwitz and sent them on  death marches. The Nazis planned on marching these exhausted prisoners all the way to camps closer or within Germany. On January 27, 1945, the Russians reached Auschwitz. When the Russians entered the camp, they found the 7,650 prisoners who had been left behind. The camp was liberated; these prisoners were now free.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Recruitment Case Study Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Recruitment Case Study Analysis - Essay Example In this regard, the public sector human resource department needs to be competitive and responsible prior to service delivery. Talent Seek has successfully taken the role of conducting recruitment for the public service in Australia. Jenny Deakin, Business Analysts and other Business Analysis & Improvement team members in the company have identified statistical and cost concerns that need to be analyzed with regard to proper functioning and realization of the company’s objectives in a bid to put in place in place the most effective and efficient workforce for the public service. In order to do this, the company has to take into account all aspects of its recruitment procedures. This will enhance the undertaking of the improvements required in the recruitment process by Talent Seek. Statistical variables that need to be critically evaluated and assessed with regard to the recruitment process by the company are: optimal number of employees, business aspect of the company, size o f the public service and other clients to the company, knowledge and skill requirements for different job segments and labor force trends surrounding the company’s clientele environment. ... There are client-provider activities coordinating prior to the consideration of workforce profiles. Clients advertise unlimited employment positions but only a number are required. Labor statistics show that a lot of time is wasted in the hiring process (Rampersad 274). The Talent Seek should account for this loophole, and consequently advice their clients appropriately. It is noted that up to 80% of public service permanent positions are dealt with by the Talent Seek Company. The company’s business aspect is primarily based on its service base; recruitment and human resource undertakings. Optimal hiring requires effective time management. The company’s recruitment process can be improved through reducing time used in activity coordination between the company and the clients. Over and above this, the company appreciates the fact that the public service is a major client in its business. This and other clients need to be assessed and evaluated with regard to labor trends in the operating environment in order to put in place recruitment measures that meet the labor market demands. On the same note, job segments, knowledge and skill requirements and the underlying remuneration must be critically matched prior to the recruitment process if any improvements are to be noted. Cost analysis Human resource undertakings are an expensive affair. Hiring and firing of employees provides an added cost to the operations of hiring and firing company. On the same note, the hiring of employees by a company can be undertaken by a separate entity as it is the case with Talent Seek. The company recruits workforces for different clients in the labor market. In so doing, there are costs incurred by both the hiring company and the

Thursday, October 31, 2019

Tragedy of Mariam Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4750 words

Tragedy of Mariam - Essay Example Today many wives always want to have same position with their husband, so that they always have conflict with each other. Why they always have conflict? There are number of answers for this question, but it very difficult for us to come on a final conclusion. When we look towards sixteenth century's society or even before that time it is seen wife and husband lived together very well. They had lesser conflicts. Many wives would obey their husband when their husbands order them to do everything. What different images of the wife between sixteenth centuries and today? In most societies during the twentieth Century, new ways of analyzing traditional gender roles have begun to evolve out of a variety of movements both within art and culture studies and communications. Semiotics, or the study of signs has emerged as one of the most "powerful cultural analysis tools of the twentieth Century†. Semiotics has been used to document and support traditional gender roles within a variety of cultures. The signs of Husband and Wife respectively, have undergone huge ideological shifts in some parts of the world, however within American society they still often used to represent a system of values and a distribution of power that have remained relatively unchanged despite recent eras of social progress. This is illustrated fairly well in the movie "Amores Perros" as the terms Husband and Wife are utilized throughout the movie as signs that represent and suggest traditional values and gender roles that are still based on signified characteristics from the time of the Conquistadors.

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Ripple Effect Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Ripple Effect - Essay Example modern popular cultural texts have a major impact on the society because a number of aspects are now being talked about which was not the case in the past. It is a fact that media affects society and that too by a large proportion. This has been made clear by an understanding that gets its basis from the belief that media avenues and platforms in essence affect a great part of the society whether or not which likes to keep in touch with what is taking place on the media and the kind of attention society is being given to (Martin, 2011). This is one of the reasons why media is playing a significant role and hence the responsibility aspect has become bigger and better with the changing times nonetheless. What affects most of the society is how well the media is portraying the societal domains and this has been made sure of by the proponents and advocates that are making the rounds of the media circles and regimes (Hannabuss,

Sunday, October 27, 2019

Critical Thinking For A Successful Student

Critical Thinking For A Successful Student Critical thinking is an important element of all qualified fields and academic disciplines (by referencing their respective sets of permissible questions, evidence sources, criteria, etc.). Within the structure of scientific skepticism, the process of critical thinking involves the careful acquisition and reading of information and use of it to reach a well-justified conclusion. The concepts and principles of critical thinking can be applied to any context or case but only by reflecting upon the nature of that function. Critical thinking forms, therefore, a system of related, and overlapping, modes of thought such as anthropological thinking, sociological thinking, historical thinking, political thinking, psychological thinking, philosophical thinking, mathematical thinking, chemical thinking, biological thinking, ecological thinking, legal thinking, ethical thinking, musical thinking, thinking like a painter, sculptor, engineer, business person, etc. In other words, though critical thinking principles are universal, their application to disciplines requires a process of philosophical contextualization. The key to seeing the significance of critical thinking in academics is in understanding the significance of critical thinking in learning. There are two meanings to the learning of this content. The first occurs when learners (for the first time) construct in their minds the basic ideas, principles, and theories that are inherent in content. This is a process of internalization. The second occurs when learners effectively use those ideas, principles, and theories as they become relevant in learners lives. This is a process of application. Good teachers cultivate critical thinking (intellectually engaged thinking) at every stage of learning, including initial learning. For students to learn content, intellectual engagement is crucial. All students must do their own thinking, their own construction of knowledge. Good teachers recognize this and therefore focus on the questions, readings, activities that stimulate the mind to take ownership of key concepts and principles underlying the subject. Critical thinking employs not only logic (either formal or, much more often, informal) but also broad intellectual criteria such as clarity, credibility, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance and fairness. One good advantage in critical thinking for university students is that ideas or information could be easily gotten from anywhere and anyone. It shouldnt be a surprise to know that even a madman could be responsible for the provision of valuable information needed in an important project. This means that anyone could be a source to unanswered questions that has proved difficult to find. Students who neglect peoples ideas end up missing a whole lot of valuable points which could have been of great assistance to them. Universities are known to be resourceful places where people could easily communicate with each other, meaning that it wont be difficult to extract information from people. Students could have group discussions, quiz and other social activity to extract knowledge from one another. So far, this aspect of critical thinking has critical thinking skills have helped a lot of students. In the process communicating with people, critical thinking can help students get along with each other. This is because if a person can evaluate a situation from a point of view other than his own, he or she will get a better knowledge on why people do what they do. Social conflict that is gotten from poor areas joining heads together can be avoided by this. This could widen a students social life and lead to better discussion with others. Conversely, the strong-sense critical thinker skillfully enters into the logic of problems and issues to see the problem for what it is without egocentric and/or socio-centric bias. Thus conceived, the strong-sense mind seeks to actively, systematically, reflectively, and fair-mindedly create insight with sensitivity to expose and address the many obstacles that compromise high quality thought and learning. Using strong critical thinking we might evaluate an argument, for example, as worthy of acceptance because it is valid and based on true premises. Upon reflection, a speaker may be evaluated as a credible source of knowledge on a given topic. Critical thinking can occur whenever one judges, decides, or solves a problem; in general, whenever one must figure out what to believe or what to do, and do so in a reasonable and reflective way. Reading, writing, speaking, and listening can all be done critically or uncritically. Critical thinking is crucial to becoming a close reader and a substantive writer. Expressed in most general terms, critical thinking is a way of taking up the problems of life. Critical thinking seems to be very important and relevant in every aspect of a students learning in a university institution. This is so because a university is a place where learning and discussions of different sort takes place. It is necessary to make every enquiry and research needed for a sound education and not just depending on the teachers lectures. Most students accept all they hear because of the laziness they bore and do not bother to make researches, ask questions or make appropriate inquires for more knowledge. This is a very wrong approach for tackling issues or learning because not everything one is being told or thought is hundred percent right. Teachers tend to make mistakes sometimes and its the job of the student to make researches after every lesson to assure that everything thought in the lecture class is fully right. In the process of doing that, one could have the opportunity to learn new things and not just hanging on or sticking to what is being thought in le ctures classes. Critical thinking is not a matter of accumulating information. A person with a good memory and who knows a lot of facts is not necessarily good at critical thinking. A critical thinker is able to deduce consequences from what he knows, and he knows how to make use of information to solve problems, and to seek relevant sources of information to inform himself. Critical thinking should not be confused with being argumentative or being critical of other people. Although critical thinking skills can be used in exposing fallacies and bad reasoning, critical thinking can also play an important role in cooperative reasoning and constructive tasks. Critical thinking can help us acquire knowledge, improve our theories, and strengthen arguments. We can use critical thinking to enhance work processes and improve social institutions. Some people believe that critical thinking hinders creativity because it requires following the rules of logic and rationality, but creativity might require breakin g rules. This is a misconception. Critical thinking is quite compatible with thinking out-of-the-box, challenging consensus and pursuing less popular approaches. If anything, critical thinking is an essential part of creativity because we need critical thinking to evaluate and improve our creative ideas. When you ask students to define critical thinking, they will often refer to this type of puzzle or brainteaser. And although developing critical thinking skills will help students solve this puzzle, critical thinking skills will also help students as they face crucial decisions in education and in life. Students, and all of us, are bombarded with ideas and with people trying to persuade us to accept the ideas they are promoting. You only have to turn on a television talk show to see this in action. At least when watching a talk show, the viewer is given some background information about the speakers credentials or lack of credentials and is usually aware of the personal bias that the speaker brings to the topic. The advent of the computer information age has presented us with a new challenge: a wealth of information distributed with few restrictions and often limited information about the author of the material. With the increasing use of web-based technology to gather and interpret information, teaching critical thinking skills to students is even more important. Critical thinking skills can help nurses apply the process of examination. Nurses through critical thinking skills can question, evaluate, and reconstruct the nursing care process by challenging the established theory and practice. Critical thinking skills can helps nurse problem solve, reflect, and make a conclusive decision about the current situation they face. Critical thinking creates new possibilities for the development of the nursing knowledge. Due to the socio cultural, environmental, and political issues that are affecting healthcare delivery, it would be helpful to embody new techniques in nursing. Nurses can acquire critical thinking skills through the Socratic method of dialogue and reflection. Critical thinking also is considered important for human rights education for toleration. The Declaration of Principles on Tolerance adopted by UNESCO in 1995 affirms that education for tolerance could aim at countering factors that lead to fear and exclusion of others, and could help young people to develop capacities for independent judgment, critical thinking and ethical reasoning

Friday, October 25, 2019

Mine Okubos Citizen 13660 - Japanese Americans Have No Rights :: Mine Okubo Citizen 13660 Essays

Mine Okubo's Citizen 13660 - Japanese Americans Have No Rights â€Å"We hold these truths to be self-evident†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (Weiler). As stated in the Declaration of Independence, all American citizens are â€Å"endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Right †(Weiler) website. However, the United States did not hold true to this promise when removing all Nisei, Japanese Americans, from the pacific coast and transporting them to various relocation centers. In these relocation centers, the Nisei, also referred to as evacuees, were burdened to live in harsh environments, secluded from the outside world. The novel Citizen 13660 describes how the United States stripped the Nisei of their unalienable rights nor other rights entitled to United States citizens. All American citizens are entitled to the right to vote. While in the relocation centers the Nisei had very little contact with the outside world. In an act to solidify and come together as a camp, the evacuees decided they would try to form a type of self-government which would consist of a Center Advisory Council. For some this would be a completely new experience. â€Å"The election gave the Issei their first chance to vote along with their citizen offspring† (Okubo 91). The Issei, not being American citizens having emigrated from Japan, did not have the right under the United States Constitution to vote. However, their only chance at voting was shortly taken away when army orders said that only American citizens would be able to vote. Soon however, all forms of voting for the self-government were disassembled when army orders stopped the planning of the Assembly Center government. This goes against Amendment XV of the United States Constitution which stat e, â€Å"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude† (â€Å"The American Presidency†). Also, when taken to the relocation camps, the Nisei lost all representation in the United States government. They no longer had a representative to tell about problems with the camp or to even protest being there. By being relocated they lost their right to vote a representative. In the United States, it is illegal to hold a person against their will without probable cause yet the Issei and Nisei were both stripped from their homes and brought to a foreign location.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Lenin in accounting for Stalins defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-1929 Essay

How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-1929 Stalin, throughout the fierce fight for power exploited his attributes to the best of his ability, however his tactics were not the only factor in his eventual success. Perhaps what’s more interesting is the systematic fails, one by one of all of his contenders – which was due to their individual personalities. Many argue this is the more significant reason for Stalin’s rise to power, and that if this had have been changed Stalin’s success would have been entirely different. Stalin’s opponents, understandably had very different personalities. However looking in hindsight none of them seem to create a difficult situation for Stalin. This could be due to Stalin’s natural ability to change and use his opponents strengths and weaknesses, or perhaps the general naivety of many in the politburo. One main example of this is Trotsky, and his rather egotistic and arrogant personality. This intern made people weary of his power, and made him completely oversee Stalin as a contender for power. Lenin in his testament says himself he is â€Å"not sure whether he will always be capable of using that authority with sufficient caution† and the politburo completely over saw this cautious remark for their own reputation. The evidence seems to suggest members of the Bolshevik party didn’t use their personality’s to the best if their potential. Furthermore Trotsky seemed very trivial about the whole situation. In 1924 he didn’t make Lenin’s funeral, eventually blaming that on Stalin. In the successive years after he didn’t make important politburo meetings and refused to make alliances. In 1926 he did eventually see light forming the ‘united opposition’ however by then it was too late and Stalin’s fan base was too large in the central commission. Another example of this is how Bukharin in 1925 decided to stay strictly to the Bolshevik rules. This perhaps shows how good a man he is, but not how good a politician he is. In that situation he has seen his fellow socialist members being taken over by Stalin, but does very little to stop this. Furthermore he says himself Stalin is â€Å"an unprincipled intriguer who subordinates everything for his appetite for power† The evidence here suggests he saw the dilemma, but does very little about it. In hindsight we now know he allowed Stalin to use his powerbase for his own political marketing. This shows the true naivety of Bukharin and how Stalin’s personality completely overshadowed anybody else’s in the politburo. Moreover this shows how truly significant the personalities of every one of Stalin’s contenders were, in allowing and creating a path for Stalin to walk to power. Perhaps if other people in the politburo were willing to play underhand tactics like Stalin, the end would have been different. In retrospect we can see personalities might not be a main factor – perhaps the individual ideologies played a larger role, but it’s the way people acted towards Stalin, completely overshadowing him that makes personalities so significant. Other peoples personalities did play a vital role, but now in stark contrast we begin looking at Stalin’s personality strengths, and how he uses them to the best of his ability. He, from the very beginning was a ‘yes man’ following Lenin till the very end. However one major strength that Lenin foresaw was Stalin’s ability to challenge his thoughts and ideologies. Stalin from the very beginning has ‘a very strong personality’ (Lenin) and this was used this in the July days (a troubled time for the Bolshevik party) when Lenin needed this unique quality from him. Arguably this is Stalin’s biggest asset. Furthermore Stalin’s ability to change tactics and ideologies, particularly in the later stage of the power struggle was, down to an incredibly versatile personality. Moreover his ability to look into the future and plan his actions to aid his accent was stunning, as if he planned every move meticulously and almost in hindsight. Looki ng at the evidence, Stalin’s personality was vital in his accent, but perhaps if the others had been different the overall outcome would have drastically changed. Personalities were vital in the success and failures of the struggle, however Stalin’s under hand tactics played an equally important role. Before and during the 5 year struggle he implemented many tactics to undermine his opponents, and one by one remove them from the possibility of power. Lenin saw this in his final years, and discussed it in his testament, however Stalin persuaded Kamenev and Zinoviev to fight his side, and intern keep his job. Furthermore his ability to switch ideologies and allies is a testament to his versatile personality. An example of this is in the later stages of the struggle, when only him and Bukharin were left for the job. Stalin suddenly rejected NEP because it was failing and turned radically left. This sudden maneuver allowed left wing supporters and nationalist war communists to support him, as well as gaining the support of anti NEP politicians. In all this he managed to leave Bukharin to pick up the pieces of NEP. Furthermore Stalin re introduced grain requisitioning in early 1928 to make sure NEP was a complete fail. Its these quite brilliant tactics that formulate into a plan that make Stalin truly versatile and incredibly shrewd and devious. In everything Stalin did there always seemed to be a very formulated plan, and in this was surrounded by brilliant political tactics. However these tactics were merely ways of getting rid of political opponents, and due to personalities as whole, arguably tactics are not as important as other factors. Alternatively the power bases’ of other opponents could be as significant as personality in the war struggle for power, and the defeat of all his opponents. All Stalin’s opponents had important roles within the Bolshevik party, and in many ways – more significant roles than Stalin. One in particular is Trotsky. Head of the Red army, and an incredibly influential role within the Politburo. Lenin says himself â€Å"personally he is, to be sure, the most able man in the present Central Committee† His power base is remarkable, with huge amounts of Kudu’s within the Bolshevik party. However – arguably as well as him being too â€Å"self-confident† Stalin used this wealth of power base to his advantage by forming the Triumvirate with Zinoviev and Kamenev. When we turn to other members such as Bukharin, we see that generally their powerbases, although more significant for policy making were not as useful for gaining power as Stalin’s, and perhaps this was a significant reason for their in individual defeat. Stalin’s role within the party was General secretary and head of enrolment and promotions. This involved the inner workings of the Party. The evidence indicates that Stalin used his role, from 1922 to strengthen his fan base within the party and Central committee, which later in 1925/26 seemed to secure his position within the party, in 1923 it was up to 30%, and steadily rising. This seems to indicate his role and power base far out saw anyone else’s within the party, and that actually he was in the perfect position to take up power, even foreseeing this in 1924 – by controlling what Lenin saw from the politburo, and vice versa. Stalin took up a highly administrative role, and this worked in his advantage, however the evidence suggests that if other factors were stronger, such as opposition personalities that Stalin still wouldn’t have made it to power. Arguably in this light personalities seem more significant. Ideologies of the opposition and Stalin play of key significance in how arguments were won and lost. For example, Trotsky stayed far left with all his ideologies – perhaps in a more noble way than Stalin, and eventually he was engulfed by Stalin’s devious tactics. Another example would be Zinoviev and Kamenev, in the triumvirate staying right of the spectrum. However when they rejoin to form the left and united opposition – they lose huge respect for changing ideologies within the party. Interestingly this seems like an incredibly vital point – leading onto Stalin’s ideological viewpoints. Throughout the start of the political struggle, he sways right – but doesn’t involve himself in any main arguments about, for example rapid industrialisation. This tactic to stay the middle man has its disadvantages. For example he is described by members of the Bolshevik party as ‘a grey blur’. However it also has its advantages. Stalin was then able to sway from his very Right views within communism – to left views with not much notice – he was able to move ideologies to strengthen his fan base and his viewpoints. For example when the NEP failed – he removed himself from it, thus allowing Bukharin to take the blame – and him stay in the positive public spotlight. It’s this very middle ideological viewpoint that the evidence suggest allowed Stalin to change as he did, allowing him to use it to his great advantage. Despite this, other arguments perhaps suggest it is not the most significant factor in Stalin’s accent within the government, and that actually his deceitful, arrogant and shrewd personality was the true reason that allowed him to flourish the way he did. In conclusion, looking at all the evidence it is clear a combination of factors were involved in Stalin’s accent of power. On one hand it seems Stalin’s powerbase seems to be the primary factor, that despite anyone’s efforts his place within government allowed to build a vast fan base in such a short amount of time. Furthermore others power base didn’t seem to match the superiority of his, even though on the forefront they seem more important, Trotsky is a prime example of this. On the other hand his tactics seem the obvious significant factor – looking at how he manipulated allies and oppositions, such as Bukharin and Zinoviev. More over his ability to control the politburo with his allies over the testament suggests that this could have been a primary turning point for Stalin’s direction on how to achieve power. However diving into the muddle of linked causes, personalities seems to come out on top. The tactics and moral high ground was generally taken by his opposition, but it seems they didn’t play hard enough. They didn’t morally want to use underhand tactics and switch ideologies – because they believed in what they were fighting in. It’s this decorum that contributed more than anything else. Looking at the other side of the spectrum Stalin’s fierce personality, with no conscience seems to be the perfect mix to manipulate not only the communist party – but the general public as well. It is this sheer inhumane ability to be deceptive in this way that allows the evidence to suggest, on the top, personality is the most significant factor in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-1929.